The color of the teeth may sometimes change to become black, what are the causes of black spot on tooth? Is it possible to get rid of these pigmentation? The answer is in the following article.
Causes of Black Spot on Tooth
These reasons may be internal or external, as follows:
1. External Factors:
They are factors that cause a change in the color of the tooth as a result of exposure of its outer surface to things that may cause the appearance of spots on it or things that may cause damage to the enamel of the teeth.
They are factors that may cause the tooth to change color by affecting it from the inside, so that the tooth acquires a black color or black spots begin to appear on its surface.
These are the main causes of External and Internal Black Spot of the Teeth:
1. Eating certain Types of Food and Drinks
Eating certain foods and drinks may cause a change in the color of the teeth, and this change can sometimes worsen to the point that the teeth become black. These are the most prominent substances and compounds that eating food and drinks containing them may contribute to the appearance of stains on the teeth:
- Tannins: It is a plant compound that has a strong natural pigment.
- Acids: Acids may negatively affect tooth enamel in a way that makes the tooth rougher, increasing the ability of stains to adhere to the tooth surface.
- Chromogens: These are compounds that contain strong pigments.
These are the most prominent types of food and drinks that may contain the above-mentioned substances and other substances that will lead to discoloration of the teeth, including black spot of the teeth: coffee , red wine, tea, and black soft drinks.
2. Use of Tobacco and Nicotine Products
Products rich in nicotine by nature contain fine particles that can get stuck in the pores of the teeth, causing discoloration. Tobacco products, such as chew-able ones. These are not only limited to cigarettes, but also include other.
3. The Accumulation of Calculus on the Teeth
Bacteria may combine with food residues, saliva and some other particles in the mouth to form a sticky plaque on the teeth, and this layer may turn into hard tartar if oral hygiene is neglected, and the tartar may be black, so it may appear To change the color of the teeth and the appearance of black pigmentation of the teeth.
4. Tooth Decay
One of the causes of black teeth pigmentation is tooth decay or caries. Tooth decay usually arises when bacteria destroy the enamel of the teeth to leave behind small holes on the inside of the tooth, and these holes may take a black color. In this case, the black color is not actual spot, but rather a deeper problem.
4. Other Factors
These other factors may also contribute to the development of black spot of the teeth:
- Take certain types of supplements, such as liquid iron supplements.
- Undergo some types of treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
- Use of certain types of mouthwash and toothpastes.
- Undergoing some dental procedures that include the use of silver sulfide, for example, this substance may be included in the composition of some types of dental fillings.
- Other factors, such as: tooth death, tooth pulp necrosis, and exposure to an accident in the mouth area.
Symptoms of Black Pigmentation of Teeth
It may start as brown or gray spots or pigmentation , and over time the condition may worsen to turn the color of the spots to a dark black color to appear then black pigmentation of the teeth. Teeth change color to black usually gradually, not suddenly.
In addition to the black color of the teeth, additional symptoms may appear on the patient depending on the cause that led to the pigmentation. For example, if the cause of black pigmentation of the teeth is cavities, then the patient may have symptoms such as: toothache , tooth sensitivity, and the appearance of holes in the teeth.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Unlike light pigmentation, this type of pigmentation cannot be treated with home methods, so it is recommended to resort to a doctor, who will first try to diagnose the cause of black teeth pigmentation, and then decide on the appropriate treatment that may be appropriate for the case.
These are some of the treatments that may be followed, which may differ from one case to another:
- Dental caries treatments, such as: removing the affected part of the tooth, filling the tooth, and extracting the tooth in some cases.
- Calculus treatment, which often involves the dentist scraping the calculus off the teeth with a special tool.
Tips to avoid Black Spot on Tooth
These are some recommendations that may help keep the color of the teeth as natural as possible and avoid pigmentation:
- Make sure to clean your teeth with the appropriate toothbrush and toothpaste at least twice a day.
- Use dental floss once every day.
- Visit the dentist’s office regularly.
- Avoid eating foods that may discolor the teeth or that may damage the teeth, such as foods rich in sugars.